Rotating & Flashing 230V Lights

Three channels - Three operating modes

Completely ac-insulated circuit board

Circuit diagram:

Rotating & Flashing 230V Lights


R1,R2,R3,R5____470K  1/2W Trimmers Cermet or Carbon (See Notes)
R4______________10K  1/4W Resistor
R6,R7,R8_________1K  1/4W Resistors
R9_____________120R  1/2W Resistor
R10,R12.R14______1K  1/2W Resistors
R11,R13,R15______1K  1/4W Resistors

C1,C2,C3_________1µF  63V Polyester or Electrolytic Capacitors
C4______________10µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C5_____________100µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor
C6____________1000µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitor

D1,D2,D3_____1N4148   75V 150mA Diodes
D4_________BZX79C15   15V 500mW Zener Diode
D5,D6________1N4002  100V 1A Diodes
D7,D8,D9____TIC206M  600V 4A TRIACs (See Notes)

Q1____________BC547   45V 100mA NPN Transistor

IC1____________4093  Quad 2 input Schmitt NAND Gate IC
IC2-IC4_____MOC3020  6-Pin DIP Optoisolators, Triac Driver Output

P1_____________SPST Pushbutton
SW1____________2 poles 3 ways Rotary, Slide or Toggle Switch
SW2____________SPST Toggle Switch 250V 10-15A (See Notes)

T1_____________220V Primary, 24V center tapped Secondary 3VA Mains Transformer

PL1____________Male Mains Plug

SK1,SK2,SK3____Female Mains Sockets

Circuit operation:

This design can be of some interest for those wanting striking light signs, as it can drive up to three 230V lamp strings in three operating modes.
The 15V dc supply is obtained from a nominal 230/24V center tapped ac transformer (T1) and a full wave rectifier (D5 & D6): Zener diode D4 was added to clamp the dc voltage to 15V maximum.
Triacs D7, D8 and D9 are insulated from the control circuitry by means of Optoisolators IC2, IC3 and IC4. IC1A, B and C are wired as monostables and cascaded in order to obtain a rotating sequence when the Mode switch SW1 is set in the Rotate position.
IC1D acts as an astable multivibrator and generates an adjustable flashlight, driving all three lamp strings at the same time when the Mode switch SW1 is set in the Flash position.
The All On operating mode allows all lamps to be on at the same time and can be used either for general illumination or to single out a blown bulb.
Each channel can drive several 230V lamps wired in parallel for each string, provided the maximum current of the Triacs is not exceeded. For example, each channel will be able to drive up to 20 40W bulbs.
The circuit is also well suited for many small bulbs wired in series like the usual Christmas tree lamp strings decorations. As these are very low power devices, a lot of them can be driven by this circuit. The more lamps per string are used, the more satisfactory will be the resulting effect.