P1,P2,P3________10K Linear Potentiometers R1_____________470R 1/2W Resistor R2_____________100K 1/4W Resistor R3_______________1M 1/4W Resistor R4______________22K 1/4W Resistor R5_____________220K 1/4W Resistor R6______________15K 1/4W Resistor R7_______________1K5 1/4W Resistor R8_______________4K7 1/4W Resistor C1_____________330nF 400V Polyester Capacitor C2_____________470µF 35V Electrolytic Capacitor C3,C4,C6_______100nF 63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors C5_______________1µF 63V Electrolytic Capacitor C7_______________4n7 63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitor D1,D2_________1N4007 1000V 1A Diodes D3__________BZX79C24 24V 500mW Zener Diode D4,D5,D6_____TIC206M 600V 4A TRIACs Q1 to Q5_______BC547 45V 100mA NPN Transistors MIC1___________Miniature Electret Microphone Capsule SW1____________SPST Toggle Switch 250V 10-15A (See Notes) PL1____________Male Mains Plug SK1,SK2,SK3____Female Mains Sockets
A simple, satisfactory Color Organ can be built with a handful of cheap components. This design features: no mains supply transformer, built-in microphone and three widely adjustable frequency bands obtained by means of very simple, passive filters for Bass, Middle and Treble.
Due to the very low current consumption of this circuit, the mains supply can be conveniently reduced with no heat dissipation by the reactance of C1; then rectified by D1 and D2 and clamped to 24V by the Zener Diode D3.
The music diffused by the loudspeaker(s) of any type of media player, is picked-up by the built-in microphone and the resulting signal is greatly amplified by a two-stage transistor audio amplifier Q1 and Q2.
At the output of the second stage, the audio signal is filtered and split into three fully adjustable frequency bands by means of a simple (though effective) passive filter formed by P1, P2, P3, R7, R8, C6 and C7, thus avoiding the complexity of op-amp based active filters.
Transistors Q3, Q4 and Q5 are the drivers for the Triacs D4, D5 and D6 respectively, but can be omitted if high sensitivity Triac devices are used.
- Using the Triac types suggested in the Parts List, each channel can drive several incandescent lamp bulbs, up to about 800W, but in this case a separate heatsink must be used for each Triac.
- Due to the absence of a mains transformer, avoid to connect this circuit to other appliances (e.g. to the output of an amplifier by means of a cable). Please use only the microphone enclosed into the main case to pick-up the music.
- For 110-120V mains operation, C1 value must be doubled: use two 330nF capacitors wired in parallel or one 680nF 250V capacitor. No further modification is required.
- SW1 must be a high voltage, high current switch, as it must withstand the total amount of current drawn by all bulbs wired to the three outputs of the circuit.
Warning! The device is connected to 230Vac mains, then some parts in the circuit board are subjected to lethal potential! Avoid touching the circuit when plugged and enclose it in a plastic or wooden box.