This project consists of a small, portable DJ mixer powered by a 9V dc external supply adaptor or from a 9V PP3 battery.
The mixer features two stereo phono inputs and two stereo line-level inputs and has one stereo mixing channel. A microphone input and a stereo main output with adjustable gain are also provided.
Headphone monitoring includes a cue switch for selecting Channel 1, Channel 2 or Master Channel.
For easy understanding, the circuit is divided into five blocks, as follows:
General Circuit diagram: all passive circuitry (controls, faders, switches, input and output connectors) is shown in full, whereas active amplification modules are represented by suitably labeled triangle symbols.
Phono Amplifier Module: a high gain stereo amplifier suitable for moving magnet pick-up cartridges, having a frequency response according to RIAA equalization curve and based on the low noise, low distortion LS4558 dual IC. Two identical stereo modules of this type are required.
Microphone Amplifier Module: a single transistor, low noise, high gain microphone amplifier, suitable for low impedance microphones.
Mixer Module: a stereo circuit incorporating two virtual-earth mixers based on the dual BIFET TL062 Op-Amp.
Headphone Amplifier Module: this circuit was already present on this website under Portable 9V Headphone Amplifier. It features a low current drain stereo amplifier based on the low distortion, low noise 5532 dual IC, capable of delivering 3.6V peak-to-peak into 32 Ohm load at 9V supply (corresponding to 50mW RMS) with less than 0.025% total harmonic distortion (1kHz & 10kHz).
General Circuit diagram:
P1,P2,P4,P5____22K Dual gang Log Potentiometers P3_____________22K Dual gang Linear Potentiometer P6_____________22K Log Potentiometer R1 to R10______30K 1/4W 1% or 2% tolerance Resistors R11_____________1K 1/4W Resistor C1___________2200µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor D1_____________3mm. or 6mm. red LED J1 to J10______RCA audio input sockets J11____________6mm. or 3.5mm. Stereo Jack socket J12____________6mm. or 3.5mm. Mono Jack socket J13____________Mini DC Power Socket SW1,SW2________DPDT toggle or slide Switches SW3____________2 poles 3 ways Rotary Switch SW4____________SPST toggle or slide Switch
The input source can be selected by means of SW1 for Channel 1 and SW2 for Channel 2. Moving magnet pick-ups must be connected to Phono 1 and 2 inputs, whereas CD players, iPods, Tape recorders, PC Audio outputs and the like can be connected to Line 1 and 2 inputs.
After a separate Level control for each channel (P1 and P2), the two incoming audio signals are mixed and cross-faded by means of P3 and associated resistors network. The Crossfader control mixes both Channels at the same intensity when set in the middle position. When the cursor of P3 is fully rotated towards R3-R4, only Channel 1 signal is present at the Main output, whereas Channel 2 is muted. Conversely, Channel 2 signal is present at the Main output and Channel 1 is muted when the cursor of P3 is fully rotated towards R1-R2.
This network is followed by the Mixer Amplifier, the Master Level P4 and the Main output sockets.
A low impedance microphone can be connected to the Mic input. P6 controls the signal level after amplification by the Microphone Amplifier module and feeds the Left and Right Mixer Amplifiers through R9-R10. In this way, the speaker's voice will be reproduced at the center of the soundstage.
A stereo Headphone Amplifier with cue gain control is provided for monitoring purposes. The Cue Select switch SW3 will allow Headphone reproduction of Channel 1, Channel 2 or Master Channel, independently of the signal present at the Main Output.
J13 is a Mini DC Power Socket into which the suitable plug of a 9V dc external supply adaptor should be inserted. In any case, due to the low total current drain (about 13mA average), a 9V battery can be used satisfactorily to power the entire Station.
Magnetic Pick-up Amplifier Module
R1,R10__________2K2 1/4W Resistors R2,R3,R11,R12_100K 1/4W Resistors R4,R13__________1K 1/4W Resistors R5,R6,R14,R15__18K 1/4W Resistors R7,R16________390K 1/4W Resistors R8____________220R 1/4W Resistor R9,R17_________10K 1/4W Resistors C1,C5,C6,C10___22µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors C2,C7__________47µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors C3,C8___________2n2 63V Polyester or Polystyrene low tolerance Capacitors C4,C9__________10nF 63V Polyester or Polystyrene low tolerance Capacitors C11___________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor IC1__________LS4558 Dual High Performance Op-Amp
A straightforward series-feedback amplifier circuit with RIAA frequency compensation, based on the High Performance LS4558 Op-Amp was used for this stage.
Despite the low supply voltage operation, the performance of this Circuit Module is quite good.
- Two identical stereo modules of this type are required.
- A more strict RIAA equalization curve will be obtained if low tolerance components are used for R5, R6, R7, R14, R15, R16 (1% - 2%) and C3, C4, C8, C9 (2% - 5%).
Microphone Amplifier Module
R1______________1M2 1/4W Resistor R2______________5K6 1/4W Resistor R3______________1K 1/4W Resistor C1,C3___________4µ7 63V Electrolytic Capacitors C2____________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor Q1____________BC550C 45V 100mA Low noise High gain NPN
This circuit module, based on a very simple, single transistor amplifier, features a low noise, 45dB stage gain. Input impedance: 2700 Ohm.
R1,R2,_________68K 1/4W Resistors R3,R4_________120K 1/4W Resistors C1,C2,C4,C6,C8__4µ7 63V Electrolytic Capacitors C3,C7__________10pF 63V Ceramic Capacitors C5____________100µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor IC1___________TL062 Low current BIFET Dual Op-Amp
Straightforward virtual-earth mixer-amplifier stage based on the very low current drawing BIFET TL062 Op-Amp.
Headphone Amplifier Module
R1,R5___________18K 1/4W Resistors R2,R3,R4,R6_____68K 1/4W Resistors C1,C2,C6_________4µ7 25V Electrolytic Capacitors C3,C7___________22pF 50V Ceramic Capacitors C4,C5,C8_______220µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors IC1___________NE5532 Low noise Dual Op-amp
For a complete description of this stage see: Portable 9V Headphone Amplifier.
- Microphone Input: 3.5mV RMS
- Phono Input: 8mV RMS
- Line Input: 500mV RMS
- Maximum undistorted output:
- Main output: 2.5V RMS
- Headphones: 1.27V RMS into 32 Ohm load
- Frequency response:
- Microphone and Line: flat from 20Hz to 20KHz
- Phono: according to RIAA curve ±1dB
- Headphones: flat from 40Hz to 20KHz; -2.3dB @ 20Hz
- Total harmonic distortion @ 1KHz and 1V RMS output:
- Line: 0.013%
- Phono: 0.016%
- Headphones: 0.025%
- Total current drawing @ 9V supply:
- Standing current: 10mA
- Mean current drawing: 13mA