P1,P2___________10K Linear Potentiometers (twin concentric-spindle dual gang for stereo) R1_____________100K 1/4W Resistor R2,R6___________18K 1/4W Resistors R3_______________3K3 1/4W Resistor (18K for shelving curves: see Notes) R4,R5____________1K8 1/4W Resistors (10K for shelving curves: see Notes) R7_____________560R 1/4W Resistor C1_______________1µF 63V Polyester Capacitor C2_______________4n7 63V Polyester Capacitor (3n3 for shelving curves: see Notes) C3_______________1µ5 63V Polyester Capacitor (100nF for shelving curves: see Notes) C4,C7__________100nF 63V Polyester Capacitors C5,C8___________22µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors C6,C9_________2200µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitors IC1___________TL072 Dual BIFET Op-Amp IC2___________78L15 15V 100mA Positive Regulator IC IC3___________79L15 15V 100mA Negative Regulator IC D1,D2________1N4002 200V 1A Diodes SW1____________DPST Toggle Switch J1,J2__________RCA audio input sockets J3_____________Mini DC Power Socket
Needing a Tone Control, this module can be inserted in the chain between the Control Center and the Power Amplifier.
The circuit is based on an original design of Reg Williamson, published on Electronics World + Wireless World, Circuit Ideas, January 1991.
This tone control circuit will take the form of either the traditional bass and treble adjustment or the shelving type, which is similar to a "tilt" control but with independent bass and treble.
Asymptotic slopes for both are about 4dB/octave, but begin to flatten out at 100Hz and 10kHz, reaching a maximum of ±15dB at the ends of the audio band.
Component values in parenthesis are those for the shelving type of control. In this case, the shelf begins at about 250Hz and 4kHz, flattening to a ±6dB maximum an octave above or below; the central point is 1kHz.
Reactive elements for the low end include a generalized impedance converter, which simulates an inductor in series with a resistor (gyrator).
When set to the electrical centers of their respective controls, the reactive elements of the equalizers are virtually out of circuit. With these settings, the circuit behaves as a unity gain amplifier with 100% negative feedback. Even so, reactive elements can be switched out altogether with a DPST on/off switch.
As with the other modules of this series, each electronic board can be fitted into a standard enclosure: Hammond extruded aluminum cases are well suited to host the boards of this preamp. In particular, the cases sized 16 x 10.3 x 5.3 cm or 22 x 10.3 x 5.3 cm have a very good look when stacked. See below an example of the possible arrangement of the front and rear panels of this module.
- To build the shelving type of control, use the values shown in parenthesis for R3, R4, R5, C2 and C3
- The circuit diagram shows the Left channel only and the power supply.
- Some parts are in common to both channels and must not be doubled. These parts are: P1 and P2 (if twin concentric-spindle dual gang potentiometers are used), IC2, IC3, C4, C5, C6, C7, C8, C9, D1, D2 and J3.
- This module requires an external 15 - 18V ac (50mA minimum) Power Supply Adaptor.
- Input sensitivity:
- 1V RMS for 1V RMS output
- Maximum output voltage:
- 9.5V RMS into 10K load
- Frequency response:
- flat from 20Hz to 23KHz
- Total harmonic distortion @ 1.5V RMS output:
- 100Hz = 0.004% 1KHz = 0.004% 10KHz = 0.002%
- Total harmonic distortion @ 6V RMS output:
- 100Hz = 0.003% 1KHz = 0.003% 10KHz = 0.03%