R1____________10K 1/4W Resistor R2,R3_________22K 1/4W Resistors R4___________100K 1/4W Resistor R5,R9,R10_____56K 1/4W Resistors R6_____________5K6 1/4W Resistor R7___________560R 1/4W Resistor R8_____________2K2 1/4W Resistor R11____________1K 1/4W Resistor R12___________33K 1/4W Resistor R13__________330R 1/4W Resistor C1___________100nF 63V Polyester Capacitor C2____________10µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor C3___________470µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor C4____________47µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor D1_____________5mm. Red LED IC1__________LM358 Low Power Dual Op-amp Q1___________BC327 45V 800mA PNP Transistor MIC1_________Miniature electret microphone SW1__________2 poles 4 ways rotary switch B1___________9V PP3 Battery Clip for PP3 Battery
This circuit is intended to signal, through a flashing LED, the exceeding of a fixed threshold in room noise, chosen from three fixed levels, namely 50, 70 & 85 dB. Two Op-amps provide the necessary circuit gain for sounds picked-up by a miniature electret microphone to drive a LED. With SW1 in the first position the circuit is off. Second, third and fourth positions power the circuit and set the input sensitivity threshold to 85, 70 & 50 dB respectively.
Current drawing is <1mA with LED off and 12-15mA when the LED is steady on.
- Place the small box containing the circuit in the room where you intend to measure ambient noise.
- The 50 dB setting is provided to monitor the noise in the bedroom at night. If the LED is steady on, or flashes bright often, then your bedroom is inadequate and too noisy for sleep.
- The 70 dB setting is for living-rooms. If this level is often exceeded during the day, your apartment is rather uncomfortable.
- If noise level is constantly over 85 dB, 8 hours a day, then you are living in a dangerous environment.
|dB||Example of sound sources|
|20||Quiet garden, electric-clock ticking, drizzling rain|
|30||Blast of wind, whisper @ 1 m.|
|40||Countryside areas, quiet apartment, wrinkling paper @ 1 m.|
|50||Residential areas, quiet streets, fridges, conversation @ 1 m.|
|60||Alarm-clocks, radio & TV sets at normal volume|
|64||Washing machines, quiet typewriters|
|67||Hair-dryers, crowded restaurants|
|70||Loud conversation, noisy street, radio & TV sets at high volume|
|78||Telephone ring, mechanical workshop|
|80||Passing trucks, noisy hall or plant, shuffling @ 1 m.|
|90||Passing train, pneumatic hammer, car hooter @ 1 m.|
|95||Mega "disco", circular saw|
|100||Motorcycle without silencer|