Sine to Square wave Converter

Converts sine to square waves without a power-source

Useful as a test instrument for audio purposes

Circuit diagram:

Sine/Square Converter circuit diagram


R1_____________1M   1/4W Resistor
R2___________100K   Linear Potentiometer

C1,C2________100µF  25V Electrolytic Capacitors
C3____________10nF  63V Polyester Capacitor

D1,D2_______1N4148  75V 150mA Diodes

IC1___________4069  Hex Inverter IC

Device purpose:

This circuit is intended to provide good square waves converting a sine wave picked-up from an existing generator. Its main feature consists in the fact that no power-source is needed: thus it can be simply connected between a sine wave generator and the device under test.
The input sine wave feeds a voltage doubler formed by C1, C2, D1 & D2 that powers the IC. IC1A amplifies the input sine wave, other inverters included in IC1 squaring the signal and delivering an output square wave of equal mark/space ratio and good rise and fall times through the entire 20Hz-20KHz range.


This circuit won 50 and was published on ELECTRONICS WORLD "Circuit Ideas", February 2000 issue, page 135.