Cuckoo-song Generator

Agreeable, very close sound imitation

Suitable for sound effects, door-bells etc.

Circuit diagram:

Cuckoo sound Generator


R1,R5___________1K   1/4W Resistors
R2_____________50K   1/2W Trimmer Cermet
R3______________8K2  1/4W Resistor
R4_____________82K   1/4W Resistor
R6______________1M   1/4W Resistor
R7,R17,R20,R21_22K   1/4W Resistors
R8,R10,R11,R19_10K   1/4W Resistors
R9____________150K   1/4W Resistor
R12_____________4K7  1/4W Resistor
R13___________100K   1/4W Resistor
R14___________220R   1/4W Resistor
R15,R22________20K   1/2W Trimmers Cermet
R16____________10R   1/4W Resistor
R18___________200K   1/2W Trimmer Cermet

C1,C11_________47nF   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors
C2,C10,C12____220µF   25V Electrolytic Capacitors
C3____________220nF   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitor
C4_____________22nF   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitor
C5,C6,C8,C9___100nF   63V Polyester or Ceramic Capacitors
C7,C13,C14_____10µF   63V Electrolytic Capacitors

D1,D2,D3,D6__1N4148   75V 150mA Diodes
D4,D5_________BAT46  100V 150mA Schottky-barrier Diodes

Q1,Q2_________BC547   45V 100mA NPN Transistors

IC1____________7555  or TS555CN CMos Timer IC
IC2____________4093  Quad 2 input Schmitt NAND Gate IC
IC3____________4017  Decade counter with 10 decoded outputs IC
IC4___________LM386  Audio power amplifier IC

P1_____________SPST  Pushbutton

SW1____________SPST  Switch

SPKR___________8 Ohm Loudspeaker


This circuit generates a two-tone effect very much alike the cuckoo song. It can be used for door-bells or other purposes thanks to a built-in audio amplifier and loudspeaker
Used as a sound effect generator it can be connected to external amplifiers, tape recorders etc. In this case, the built-in audio amplifier and loudspeaker may be omitted and the output taken across C8 and ground.
There are two options: free running, when SW1 is left open, and one-shot, when SW1 is closed. In this case a two-tone cuckoo song will be generated at each P1 pressing.

Circuit operation:

IC1 is wired as a square wave generator and produces both tones of the cuckoo song. The frequency of the higher one (667Hz) is set by means of Trimmer R2. When IC2D output goes low, a further Trimmer (R22) is added to IC1 timing components via D6, and the lower tone (545Hz) is generated.
To imitate closely the cuckoo song, the square wave output of IC1 is converted to a quasi-sinusoidal wave form by R3, R4, C3 and C4, then mixed with the white noise generated by Q1, R6.
Q2 has two purposes: it mixes the two incoming signals and gates the resulting tone, shaping its attack and decay behavior by means of the parts wired around its Emitter.
IC4 is the audio power amplifier driving the speaker and R15 is the volume control.
The various sound and pause timings for the circuit are provided by the clock generator IC2A driving the decade counter IC3. Some output pins of this IC are gated by IC2C, IC2D and related components to drive appropriately the sound generator and the sound gate.
When SW1 is left open the circuit operates in the free-running mode and the cuckoo song is generated continuously. When SW1 is closed, the circuit generates two tones then stops, because a high state appears at the last output pin (#11) of the decade counter IC: therefore the count is inhibited by means of D1 feeding pin #13.
The circuit is reset by a positive pulse at pin #15 of IC3 when P1 is pressed.


Best results will be obtained if the two tones frequencies are set precisely, i.e. 667Hz for the first tone and 545Hz for the second: in musical terms this interval is called a Minor Third. Obviously a digital frequency counter, if available, would be the best tool to setup R2 and R22, but you can use a musical instrument, e.g. a piano or guitar, tuning-up the notes accurately by ear.

Tuning by ear: